Coffee & Tea
Pre 1000 AD
A berry that is ground up and mixed with animal fat is found to give an energy boost. Coffee plants grow wild on hills above sea level in Ethiopia.
One version of the story or the origin of coffee, involves a goat herder named Kaldi. he was from the land of Arabia Felix (Abyssinia). One night when his goats didn't come home, he went looking and found them dancing in abandoned glee near a shiny, dark-leaved shrub with red berries. Kaldi started munching on the red berries. It wasn't long before he was dancing.
Arab traders bring coffee to Yemen (on the Arabian peninsula) and cultivate the plant for the first time on plantations.
Coffee is introduced to Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks. First Coffeehouse is opened in 1475 "Kiva han."
By the 16th Century, by means of coffeehouses in Mecca and Cairo, the spread of coffee was rapid. Everywhere that people tasted coffee, they wanted it. Coffee was available either from Mocha, the main port of Yemen, or Java. Hence Mocha-Java. In those days, Mocha-Java symbolized "the putting together in one drink, the entire possible world of coffee experience.
Now comes one of the most extraordinary stories in the spread of coffee, the "saga of the noble tree." Louis XIV of France was an ardent coffee drinker. The Dutch owed him a favor and managed, with great difficulty, to procure him a coffee tree. The tree was obtained from the Arabian port of Mocha, then carried to Java, and then back across the seas to Holland, where it was brought overland to Paris. The first Greenhouse in Europe was constructed to house "the noble tree." That was 1715. It is the Dutch who deserve recognition for having fully appreciated the aromatic and stimulant qualities of the new beverage, and for having realized the possibility of its extensive cultivation in their colonies, so coffee was introduccd into South and Central America, where it found a better habitat than in its place of origin. Consequentlv, in a short time Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico had the largest production, and still have today. From that single tree, sprung billions of arabia trees, including those grown in Central and South America.
In 1723, a French Naval officer, Gabriel Mathew de Cliev, stole a seedling and transported it to Martinique. Within 50 years, an official survey records 19 million coffee trees on Martinique. Eventually, 90% of the world's coffee spreads from this plant.